Top 10 Countries in Asia Competing Against US in Supercomputer Making


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In the Top 10 supercomputers, Japan, the United States, Germany, Italy, and France dominated the top 100 of the world’s most powerful supercomputers. Japan’s Fugaku supercomputer has maintained its position as the number one computer system, following the IBM Summit and Sierra in the United States. The Top 10 supercomputer project tracks the world’s most powerful supercomputers and is released every two years. Two new systems are in the top ten this year, but since the project was launched in 1993, the complete list has the lowest number of new entries. As a result, Top 10 supercomputer officials suggested that the current list reflects a flattening power growth curve. 


1. Fugaku, Japan

Built via way of means Fugaku is hooked up to the RIKEN Center for Computational Science (R-CCS) in Kobe, Japan. With its extra hardware, the device performed a brand new global report of 442 petaflops end result on HPL, making it 3 instances in advance of the variety of devices withinside the Top 10 supercomputer list. 


2. Summit, U.S.

Based at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee, Summit was built by IBM and is the fastest system in the US. Launched in 2018, it has a performance of 148.8 petaflops and has 4,356 nodes, each one housing two 22-core Power9 CPUs and six NVIDIA Tesla V100 GPUs. Recently among the Top 10 supercomputers, two teams working on Summit won the prestigious Gordon Bell Prize for outstanding achievement in high-performance computing, commonly referred to as the ‘Nobel Prize of supercomputing.


3. Sierra, U.S.

A system at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in California, Sierra has an HPL mark of 94.6 petaflops. With each of its 4,320 nodes equipped with two Power9 CPUs and four NVIDIA Tesla V100 GPUs, it has an architecture similar to that of Summit. Sierra also made it to the 15th position on the Green500 list of the world’s Top 10 supercomputers and most energy-efficient supercomputers.


4. Sunway TaihuLight, China

Installed at China’s National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi, Sunway TaihuLight previously held the Number 1 spot for two years (2016-2017). However, In the Top 10 supercomputers, its rank has since fallen. While it was in a third position last year, it has now slipped to fourth. Built by China’s National Research Center of Parallel Computer Engineering & Technology (NRCPC), it achieved 93 petaflops on its HPL benchmark. It is powered exclusively by Sunway SW26010 processors.


5. Selene, U.S.

Installed in-house at NVIDIA Corp, Selene jumped to the fifth position from the seventh position in the June rankings. After a recent upgrade, Selene achieved 63.4 petaflops on HPL, nearly doubling its previous score of 27.6 petaflops. NVIDIA unveiled Selene, its AI supercomputer, in June this year, after constructing and running it in less than a month. Its Top 10 supercomputer key uses include system development and testing, in-house AI workloads, and chip design work. 


6. Tianhe-2A, China

With 61.4 petaflops, Tianhe-2A (aka MilkyWay-2A) climbed one spot to the sixth position. Developed by China’s National University of Defense Technology (NUDT), it is installed at the National Supercomputer Center in Guangzhou. Tianhe-2A is powered by Intel Xeon CPUs and NUDT’s Matrix-2000 DSP accelerators. Its Top 10 supercomputer will be used for simulation, analysis, and government security applications. It held the Number 1 spot from June 2013 to November 2015.


7. JUWELS Booster Module, Germany

Atos-built JUWELS Booster Module is the newest entrant on the list. The BullSequana machine was recently installed at the Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ) in Germany and is the most powerful system in Europe, coming in at 44.1 HPL petaflops. Based on modular system architecture, JUWELS is powered by AMD processors and NVIDIA GPUs, similar to the Selene system.


8. HPC5, Italy

A Dell PowerEdge system, HPC5 was installed by the Italian company Eni S.p.A and is located inside Eni’s Green Data Center in Italy. One of the most powerful and sustainable computing systems in the world, HPC5 is used to research new sources of energy. With a performance of 35.5 petaflops, it is the most powerful system in the list used for commercial purposes at a customer site. It uses Intel Xeon Gold CPUs and NVIDIA Tesla V100 GPUs.


9. Frontera, US

Installed at the Advanced Computing Center at the University of Texas at Austin in September year, Frontera is a Dell C6420 system equipped by Intel. Using 448,448 of its Intel Platinum Xeon cores, the system achieves 23.5 petaflops. Frontera aids research across all areas of science including those related to quantum mechanics, drug design, eradicating emerging viruses, and the physics of black holes.


10. Dammam-7, Saudi Arabia

Dammam-7 is the second new addition at the top of the list. Installed at Saudi Aramco in Saudi Arabia, the HPE Cray CS-Storm systems use Intel Gold Xeon CPUs and NVIDIA Tesla V100 GPUs. It achieves 22.4 petaflops and is the second commercial in the Top 10 supercomputers.


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