When it comes to the future of the telecommunication industry, navigating the 6G flexibility is crucial.
Mobile operators are speeding up the deployment of 5G, a flexible, low-latency, multi-gigabit per second telecommunication network. Not only will the technology provide quicker data speeds, but it will also make the network more adaptable and programmable. These Features of 6G technology
combined with the high reliability and low latency required to build secure, dependable wireless ecosystems that will benefit businesses other than traditional smartphone use models, such as manufacturing, transportation, and healthcare.
While many of us are still learning about the advantages of 5G technology, the Telecommunication Industry is already planning for the next generation, 6G. Although the job description for 6G is still being written, the technology’s goal is to enable a pervasive, seamless internet of things that connects not only people’s devices to the network, but also sensors, vehicles, and a wide range of other products and technologies to communicate with one another in a seamless and reliable manner. Proponents argue that having vehicles that can communicate not only with the cloud but also with each other will result in more efficient traffic and safer travel.
Because 6G isn’t specified, a lot of flexibility is required to enable organizations to negotiate any changes in direction. They need the ability to change the product, shift development, and then test the new platform. The distinctions between 5G and 6G are not only about which bandwidths will make up 6G in the future and how users will connect to the network, but also about the intelligence embedded into the network and devices. The aggregation of networks that will comprise the fabric of 6G must behave differently for augmented reality (AR) headset than for an e-mail client on a mobile device.
One of the complications of 6G will be how to connect the various wireless technologies together so they can hand off to one other and function together incredibly well without the end user even realizing it. Although the current 5G network provides consumers with more seamless handoffs as devices move between networks, delivering higher bandwidth and lower latency, 6G will usher in a self-aware network capable of supporting and facilitating emerging technologies that are currently struggling to gain traction, such as virtual reality and augmented reality technologies, as well as self-driving cars. Artificial intelligence and machine learning technology, which will be integrated into 5G as it matures into 5G-Advanced, will be architected into 6G from the start to simplify technical tasks like signal optimization and data traffic scheduling.
The future of AI and ML in the telecommunication Industry eventually could offer radios the ability to learn from each other and their environments. Rather than engineers telling network nodes how to communicate, those nodes might choose the best possible way to communicate for themselves from millions of different configurations.
Testing technology that doesn’t yet exist
Although this technology is still in its infancy, it is sophisticated, thus testing will undoubtedly play an important role in the development process. The firms building 6G testbeds must deal with the fact that 6G is still an aspirational objective, not a real-world standard. The network complexity required to realize the 6G goal will necessitate iterative and exhaustive testing of all areas of the ecosystem. But because 6G is a new network idea, the tools, and technology required to get there must be adaptable and flexible.
Even deciding which bandwidths to employ and for what applications will necessitate much investigation. Low- and mid-ranged wireless bands with frequencies up to 2.6GHz were utilized in second and third-generation cellular networks. The next iteration, 4G, increased the frequency to 6GHz, while the current technology, 5G, goes even farther by including “mmWave” (millimeter wave) frequencies up to 71GHz.
Nokia and Keysight are collaborating to research the sub-terahertz spectrum for communication in order to meet the necessary bandwidth needs of 6G, which creates new technical problems. The larger the possible contiguous bandwidths, and hence the higher the data rate, the higher the frequency of the cellular spectrum; however, this comes at the cost of a lower range for given signal intensity.
Low-power wi-fi networks using the 2.6GHz and 5GHz bands, for example, have tens of meters of range, whereas cellular networks using the 800MHz and 1.9GHz bands have kilometers of range. As a result of the inclusion of 24-71GHz in 5G, related cells are even smaller (tens to hundreds of meters). And the difficulties are significantly greater for bands exceeding 100GHz.
A transition from the millimeter bands employed in 5G up to the sub-terahertz bands, which are relatively untapped for wireless communication, could be one of the new important disruptors for 6G. Those bands have the potential to provide large swaths of the spectrum that could be exploited for high-throughput applications, but they also come with a lot of unknowns. If technology companies can solve the obstacles, adding sub-terahertz bands to the toolset of wireless communications devices might open up huge networks of sensing devices, high-fidelity augmented reality and locally networked automobiles.
You make your problem enormously tougher every time you introduce new wireless technology, every time you bring in the additional spectrum. Nokia aims to begin deploying 6G technology before the year 2030. Because the definition of 6G is still being defined, development and testing platforms must be able to handle a wide range of devices and applications, as well as a wide range of use cases. Furthermore, current technology may not be capable of supporting the needs needed to test possible 6G applications, forcing companies like Keysight to develop new testbed platforms and adapt to evolving requirements.
Nokia’s Shahramian acknowledges that the process will be lengthy, but the end aim is obvious. A decade is a long loop in terms of technology cycles. However, for the sophisticated technological systems of 6G, 2030 remains a stretch goal. To address the challenge, the development and testing tools must match the speed at which the engineers working on the next network must work. The prize is significant because it represents a significant shift in how we interact with technology and what we do with it.